By Ei Thae Thae Naing
Three hundred high-achieving students will later this year become the first undergraduates to attend Yangon University‘s main campus since bachelor courses were suspended almost two decades ago.
Another 300 undergraduates will be offered places at Mandalay University, according to the 2013 university entrance guide published by the Department of Higher Education from lower Myanmar, which was official released on August 1.
Students will be admitted to four-year arts, science and combines arts-science degree programs across 20 majors at both universities, with 15 students allowed into each major course.
Dr Kyaw Naing, the pro-rector at Yangon University, told that the courses were still being designed as the academic year does not begin until December.
“I’m happy to say that these universities are re-opening [to undergraduates] and we will admit 15 outstanding students for each major. We can’t say exactly what the structure and teaching method of the courses will be because we are still planning the syllabus and course for the next academic year,” he said.
The arts majors offered include Myanmar, English, geography, history, philosophy, psychology and oriental studies, while the science majors of physics, mathematics, chemistry, zoology and botany will also be offered. Students will also be accepted into the combined majors of economics, Myanmar studies, creative writing, public policy, home economics and business management.
While the exact minimum entrance score will depend on the number of applications received, it is likely to be about 450 out of 600 for most arts majors and 470 for sciences, while English could be as high as 500. This is significantly higher than at Dagon University, which was established in 1993 after the government shut down undergraduate courses at Yangon University. Dagon University accepts students with a minimum mark of 50 in English into its English major program, while some arts and science subjects can be undertaken with a score as low as 240.
Dr Kyaw Naing said the courses could feature lectures by foreign professors in coordination with Myanmar teachers, adding that the Ministry of Education has reached agreements with Thailand’s Thepsatri Rajabhat University, Hankok University of Foreign Studies and Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies from South Korea and Johns Hopkins University from the United States.
“We are planning that foreign professors [from these universities] will conduct seminars once or twice a week so that [students] can get exposure to international teaching methods,” Dr Kyaw Naing said.
Students could also be sent abroad for further study, while foreign institutions have also expressed interest in sending students to Yangon, he said.
U Myo Thant, a part-time assistant professor in the Myanmar language department at Yangon University, said the minimum entrance scores for the undergraduate subjects will be competitive. He also said the university has plans to establish scholarship programs to support needy students.
He said the universities should have been re-opened to undergraduates “a long time ago” and would help to rebuild the damaged reputation of Myanmar’s tertiary sector.
“We can’t change all universities across the whole country immediately,” he said. “Undergraduates at Yangon University and Mandalay University will be the country’s most outstanding students.”