Mozambican institutions of higher education that do not comply with minimum educational requirements by 2014 will face sanctions ranging from fines o closure, Education Minister Augusto Jone announced
Speaking at the opening of a meeting of the Higher Education Council, which brings together representatives of both public and private universities, Jone said that all universities must meet minimum quality standards laid down by the government.
The requirements include a minimum number of teaching staff, a certain percentage of whom (depending on the type of institution) must work full time. At universities and military or police academies at least half the teaching staff must have Ph.Ds. For higher polytechnic institutes, and similar bodies the requirement is that at least 30 per cent of the teaching staff must have Ph.Ds or masters degrees.
Higher education institutions must also have appropriate land to set up their own premises, and there are specific requirements concerning lecture theatres, libraries, laboratories and other facilities. There must also be a health post with the necessary medicines and equipment to administer first aid.
Jone warned that the deadline given by the government for all the higher education institutions to conform with the regulations expires in 2014.
But even now denunciations are accumulating of the poor quality of the education offered in several private colleges. Deputy Education Minister Arlindo Chilundo told reporters that inspections are under way into the three most problematic institutions – the Mussa Bin Bique University in Nampula province, the Alberto Chipande Higher Institute of Science and Technology in Beira, and the Higher School of Economic and Management in Maputo.