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India: UP govt bans BEd course in new colleges

In a significant decision, the state government has directed seven state universities not to give affiliation to a new college for running BEd course. However, any existing college (where other courses are running) can start BEd course if it wants.

The decision has been made to check mushrooming of BEd colleges in the state. “Sporadic growth of BEd colleges has led to decline in the quality of education. The colleges where only BEd course is running have been found extremely poor in their performance,” said a senior government official.

Though senior officials in the higher education department denied that any such order has been sent to universities, sources in Lucknow University admitted getting the order. The order is meant for Lucknow University; Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University, Kanpur; VBS Purvanchal University, Jaunpur; Dr BR Ambedkar University, Agra; Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith University, Varanasi; Deen Dayal Upadhyay University, Gorakhpur and Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad.

A senior university official told TOI: “BEd has become a mess with the launch of special BTC. BEd colleges harass students to pay more fee than prescribed. The practice is more prevalent in colleges where only BEd course is running. The ban on opening new colleges has come as a respite for BEd aspirants.” Besides, the government has also asked the universities to furnish details of the total number of seats in every BEd college and how many remained vacant last year.

“Only after we will have the data about the number of vacant seats, we will be able to take a decision,” said a government official.


BEd colleges risk de-recognition for poor facilities

For the first time, National Council for Teachers Education (NCTE), Department of Higher Education of Madhya Pradesh and Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya (DAVV) will jointly inspect B Ed colleges across the state. The idea for joint inspection is to identify B Ed colleges lacking in facilities and infrastructure.

There are 45 B Ed colleges under the DAVV. Most of these colleges lack qualified teachers. Only a few colleges have teachers and principals appointed under the mandatory Code-28. Apart from this, fewer books in library is another problem the B Ed colleges face.

Sources said joint teams of NCTE, DHE and universities would soon inspect teachers’ training colleges offering one of the most sought after one-year course. Permission to colleges to continue one-year degree programme would hinge on the outcome of the inspection report, the sources added.

In 2008-09, petitions challenging recognition to hundreds of B Ed colleges in the state were moved in Madhya Pradesh high court (MPHC). The petitioners had alleged that the NCTE had granted recognition to the colleges without carrying out proper inspections. The court found the allegations true and derecognized several colleges in the state.

Due to the legal tangle, the state had to see session 2008-09 as “zero year”. No admissions in BEd course were given in the year. Ever since, the DHE keeps an eye on infrastructure, facilities and availability of teachers in BEd colleges.

Two years back, it had initiated on its own and conducted inspections at BEd colleges in the state despite the fact that NCTE and state universities had already undertaken the exercise before granting recognition and affiliation respectively.

The DHE inspections unearthed several colleges and it recommended to the NCTE to derecognize them. But the NCTE which had conducted pre-recognition inspections denied accepting DHE report’s over its inspection report.

Last year again, the DHE inspected the BEd colleges and on finding colleges in the wrong, appealed to the NCTE again to reconsider recognition but to no avail.

“The DHE inspection reports were a challenge to the credibility of the NCTE so it rejected the reports. However, this year the DHE offered to conduct a joint inspection and the NCTE accepted the proposal,” an officer with DHE said. “The DHE has asked Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya to provide names of four teachers for inspection teams. We have given the names to the DHE,” registrar R D Musalgaonkar said.

A professor said colleges found lacking in facilities during inspection may have to lose NCTE recognition, university affiliation and government NOC to run the course.

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